|According to the number of participants|
Tickets of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis
Local English-speaking guide for 9/10 hours
Limousine or minivan for 9/10 hours
Lunch is not included
Itinerary Details are listed below:
TOUR SCHEDULE OF POMPEII- HERCULANEUM AND OPLONTIS
|Meet with our English-speaking driver and his Mercedes limousine (with air-conditioning) by the cruise ship/accommodation|
|Arrival to Herculaneum and two hour-tour with Your private English-speaking guide|
|Transfer to Pompeii and two hour-tour with the same private guide|
|1 hour of free time for lunch (not included)|
|Transfer to Oplontis and tour (45 minutes) with the same private guide|
|Back to the cruise/accommodation|
If You love archaeology, we suggest you in particular this tour. You can visit the most famous Roman ruins of the Bay of Naples: Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis.
About Pompeii many books have been written.
Pompeii ruins are an extraordinary testimony of the ancient world thanks to the level of preservation of the Roman monuments remained almost intact after the eruption that hit the city in the 79 a. C. erasing it from the Vesuvian landscape . The Roman city, located between the sea and the Sarno river, exploited these two main natural infrastructures . In the fifth century b.C., the city fell under the control of the Samnites, a local population, however exposed to the Greek and Etruscan influence. In the third century B.C., in the aftermath of the Punic wars, Pompeii was drawn into the orbit of Rome which bound it permanently to its military control in 80 BC, with the founding of the colony by Silla. Anyway, in the Roman period it became a large town for those times and even more cosmopolitan than Rome, which was several days of journey away from Pompeii. It has undergone many foreign influences and sacred Egyptian and Greek buildings confirm that. When Mount Vesuvius erupted in 79 A.D., much of Pompeii was still recovering from the great earthquake of 62 A.D., and evidence of massive reconstruction efforts were found during modern excavations.
Herculaneum is very interesting too. It was located just nine miles north of Pompeii with a population of nearly 6,000 residents. Some of Rome's wealthiest citizens had homes there, where they could relax in the public baths overlooking the sparkling ocean. And one of the most luxurious and stunning mansions of the Roman period discovered so far in the area is the Villa of the Papyri. Discovered accidentally in 1750, the beautiful residence was located on a plateau near the sea, with a panoramic view over the Gulf of Naples and a large swimming pool. In the Villa scholars discovered a complete library with 1758 papyrus scrolls by the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus of Gadara, and a great collection of bronze statues.
Oplontis can be considered a jewel of the Roman archaeology in the area.
Between Pompeii and Herculaneum is Oplontis, about three miles from Pompeii, at the site of the present day town of Torre Annunziata.
The name Oplontis was rediscovered for the first time in the Tabula Peutingeriana, a medieval replica of a Roman road map of the Roman Empire, dating back perhaps to the Augustan period.
The ancient Oplontis was a residential centre, which has experienced several building phases and later expansions and that includes 2 villas (A and B) with a station to change horses , spa, a hotel for travellers and places of storage and the marketing of agricultural products (villa B).
Today it is possible to visit only the villa A, probably belonged to Poppea Sabina, Nero's second wife. The villa , which dates back to the mid-first century B.C. is one of the most significant examples of the residences of the Roman aristocracy, with Tuscan atrium , numerous rooms , gardens and spa. It also preserves a fine pictorial decoration which is one of the best examples of II Pompeian style , in its earliest phase.
In this villa, unearthed between 1964 and 1984, diggers found a jar with the inscription SECUNDO POPPAEAE (sent to Poppea, maybe Poppea Sabina). For this reason scholars think that imposing villa belonged to the second Nero's wife.